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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 佘宜娟(2011)。〈結構、歷史與行為:歷史制度主義對政治科學的重構〉,《政治科學季評》第30期,頁13-16。
  2. 吳秀光、陳敦源(2005)。〈理性選擇、民主制度與「操控遊說」William H Riker新政治經濟學的回顧與評述〉,《政治科學論叢》第26期,頁175-222。
  3. 李學林(2010)。〈中國大陸農村土地制度改革問題探討-以新制度經濟學理論分析〉,《萬能學報》笫32期,頁1-18。
  4. 柯志明、 Selden(1988)。〈原始積累、平等與工業化:以社會主義中國與資本主義臺灣為案例之分析〉,《臺灣社會研究季刊》第1卷第1期,頁22。
  5. 黃宗昊(2009)。〈政治經濟學分析架構的三項發展〉,《全球政治評論》第25期,頁151-196。
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