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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 158 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宏銘、廖俊達、范網行、吳樹鏗、詹勝傑、閣紫宸(民98)。頭頸部鱗狀細胞癌治療的新進展。腫瘤護理雜誌,9(S),51-67。
  2. 江淑華、林佳靜(民99)。頭頸癌病人術後接受放射化學治療之症狀困擾與生活干擾程度探討。新臺北護理期刊,12(2),17-26。
  3. 吳齊殷(民88)。量表的發展:理論與應用。台北:弘智。
  4. 李志偉、吳英黛、施教諭、王志鴻、王豊裕、謝仁哲(民97)。東台灣男性急性心肌梗塞患者之危險因子。臺灣醫學,12(2),143-151。
  5. 沈宗憲(民81)。頭頸部癌症:(I)總論。慈濟醫學雜誌,4,51-53。
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