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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江敏華.2004.〈閩西客語音韻的保守與創新〉,《聲韻論叢》第13輯,頁251-270。
  2. 何大安.1988.《規律與方向:變遷中的音韻結構》,臺北:中央研究院歷史語言研究所專刊之九十。
  3. 何大安.2009.〈變讀現象的兩種貫時意義—兼論晉江方言的古調值〉,收錄於《漢語方言與音韻論文集》,臺北:何大安,頁1-17。
  4. 何大安.2009.〈聲調的完全回頭演變是否可能〉,收錄於《漢語方言與音韻論文集》,臺北:何大安,頁119-133。
  5. 吳瑞文.2007 .〈共同閩語*iai韻母的擬測與檢證〉,《臺大中文學報》27:263-393。吳瑞文.2008.〈論海康方言b-、z-聲母的一個歷史來源〉,《中國語文研究》25:39-51。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐維莉(2012)。廣西省賀州市公會鎮客家話研究。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-213。
  2. 劉淑惠(2014)。廣西鍾山客家話研究。中央大學客家語文研究所學位論文。2014。1-236。
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