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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王德男 1982木瓜耐輪點毒素病品種之檢定 中華農業研究31:162-168。
  2. 張清安。1979。木瓜毒素病純系病毒之分離與二種不同病徵之寄主範圍與物理性質之比較,中華農業研究28:267~216。
  3. Adsuar, J. 1946. Studies on virus disease of papaya (Carica papaya) in Puerto Rico III-Property studies of papaya mosaic virus. Univ. Puerto Rico Agr. Expt. Sta. Tech. Paper no.4: 7-11.
  4. Attasart,P., Charoensilp,G., Kertbundit,S., Panyim,S. and Juricek, M. 2002. Nucleotide sequence of a Thai isolate of Papaya ringspot virus type W. Acta Virol. 46:241-246.
  5. Bau, H. J, Cheng, Y. H., Yu, T.A., Yang, J.S., and Yeh, S.D. 2003. Broad-spectrum resistant to different geographic strains of Papaya ringspot virus in coat protein gene transgenic papaya. Phytopathology 93: 112-120.
Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王映方(2015)。以人工重組感染性選殖株探討木瓜輪點病毒基因變異 對致病性之影響。臺灣大學植物病理與微生物學研究所學位論文。2015。1-74。 
  2. 姚舜閔(2015)。木瓜畸葉嵌紋病毒與木瓜輪點病毒畸型系統的感染性選殖株轉錄病毒RNA在不同木瓜品種之交互感染研究。臺灣大學植物病理與微生物學研究所學位論文。2015。1-43。 
  3. 詹庭筑(2014)。木瓜輪點病毒性統與番木瓜品種的交互作用與番木瓜葉柄色之遺傳模式。臺灣大學 園藝暨景觀學系學位論文。2014。1-60。 
  4. 吳秉祜(2012)。木瓜畸葉嵌紋病毒感染性選殖株之構築及與木瓜輪點病毒之交互作用。臺灣大學植物病理與微生物學研究所學位論文。2012。1-77。 
  5. 楊瑞春(2012)。木瓜輪點病毒嚴重嵌紋壞疽系統及嚴重嵌紋系統感染性選殖株之構築及不同系統間之比較。臺灣大學植物病理與微生物學研究所學位論文。2012。1-99。 
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