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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱慶忠(1993):〈社會關係網絡對組織公民行為暢響之探討〉,台北:國立元智大學資訊社會學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 張心宇 (1992):〈報紙影劇新聞記者與消息來源互動關係研究-以「搖頭性派對」事件為例〉,台北:國立臺灣師範大學大眾傳播研究所碩士論文。
  3. 劉蕙苓(1989):《報紙消息來源人物之背景與被處理之方式之分析》,國立政治大學新聞研究所碩士論文。
  4. 羅文輝(1995):〈新聞記者選擇消息來源的偏向〉,《新聞工作者與消息來源》,台北:國立政治大學新聞研究所,頁15—28。
  5. Bates, T. 1994. “Social Resources Generated by Group Support Networks May Not be Beneficial to Asian Immigrant-owned Small Business.” Social Forces, 72(3):671-689
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張涵婷(2008)。當社工遇上媒體—論社工與媒體之互動關係。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2008。1-100。 
  2. 蘇惠君(2006)。新聞記者與網路消息來源互動之初探--以BBS為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2006。1-144。
  3. 劉冠吟(2008)。社會資本與網絡:科技產業公關與記者互動模式之研究。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2008。1-115。
  4. 李惠琳(2010)。新聞記者之核心能力初探—在地文獻的回顧。政治大學傳播學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-88。
  5. 邱煜婷(2011)。當消息來源是最大廣告主:探討台灣房地產新聞背後傾斜的角力關係。政治大學新聞研究所學位論文。2011。1-106。
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