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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李存智1999〈從日本吳音的形成及其現象看閩語與吳語的關係〉,《文史哲學報》51:197-222。
  2. 蔡如珮2005《雙字複合詞中的同根詞詞類探討與教學應用──以日語為母語之漢語學習者為例》,國立臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 一、古籍
  4. 後漢•班固撰,唐•顏師古注 《漢書》(一百二十卷,據北宋景祐刊本影印),上海:商務印書館,1930-37。
  5. 劉宋•范曄撰 《後漢書》(中華書局點校本),臺北:鼎文書局影印,1983。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 連旭淳(2014)。日中兩國語言慣用表現的研究-以「米」字為中心-。長榮大學應用日語學系(所) 學位論文。2014。1-180。 
  2. 黃斐瑄(2016)。日語高低重音對於華語聲調習得的影響──以中日同形詞聲調偏誤為例。臺灣大學華語教學碩士學位學程 學位論文。2016。1-147。 
  3. 賴毓珊(2011)。對外台語教學自編教材設計──以台大日籍交換學生為對象。臺灣師範大學台灣文化及語言文學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-175。
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