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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯勇 (2002) 植物生理學。藝軒圖書出版社。台北市。
  2. 曹立松 (2007) 應用廣義加法模式建構六種台灣針葉樹物種分布範圍與氣候因子之關係。國立台灣大學森林環境暨資源學系碩士論文70頁。
  3. 陳冠瑋 (2000) 台灣杉營養芽生長之物候學。國立台灣大學森林學研究所碩士論文92頁。
  4. 劉俊毅 (2008) 棲蘭山區台灣扁柏老熟林及次生林枯落物養分動態。國立台灣大學森林學研究所碩士論文68頁。
  5. 賴宜鈴 (2006) 光環境對台灣棲蘭山區亞熱帶雲霧林內兩種檜木小苗生長與建立之影響。國立台灣大學森林學研究所博士論文128頁。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾秀緣(2011)。宜蘭縣棲蘭山區台灣扁柏近50年偽輪的氣候意義初探。臺灣大學地質科學研究所學位論文。2011。1-78。 
  2. 劉俊毅(2008)。棲蘭山區臺灣扁柏老熟林及次生林枯落物養分動態。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2008。1-68。 
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