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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王淑美、葉美玉、張麗雲,(2003),慢性精神病患音樂治療成效研究,長庚護理,14(4),342-352。
  2. 3. 王瀅筑、陳炳堯、朱僑麗,(2009),園藝活動對養護機構住民身心功能之影響,長期照護雜誌,13(3),325-337。
  3. 4. 田欣珊,(2006),癌症患者的疼痛因應:控制源與情緒狀態之影響,碩士論文,中原大學心理學研究所,桃園。
  4. 5. 朱月英、郭碧照,(2006),食道癌患者生活品質及其相關因素研究,實證護理,2(2),127-136。
  5. 6. 朱凱薇,(2007),一顆種子,一個希望 園藝治療活動在黎明教養院之個案研究,碩士論文,慈濟大學社會工作研究所,花蓮。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡孟玲(2015)。長期照護工作者對綠色照護態度與參與意向之研究─以雲林縣為例。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩研究所學位論文。2015。1-118。 
  2. 陳宗億(2016)。台灣社福機構執行綠色照護之探討。臺灣大學園藝暨景觀學系學位論文。2016。1-157。 
  3. 王麗華(2013)。園藝活動對精神分裂者專注力、情緒穩定、人際互動及自信心之成效對幼兒教育的啟示。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-355。
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