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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王蓉君、陳恆德(2011).台灣臨床試驗發展之沿革.臺灣醫界,54(7),51–55。[Wang, J. C., Chern, H. D. (2011). The development of clinical trials in Taiwan. Taiwan Medical Journal, 54(7), 51–55.]
  2. 台灣藥品臨床試驗資訊網(2019,11月26日).資料查詢/執行中的試驗.取自 [Clinical Trials Network in Taiwan. (2014).search/current available clinical trials. Retrieved from http://www1.cde.]
  3. 吳淑芳(2006).國外量表之兩階段翻譯及信、效度測試.護理雜誌,53(1),65-71。[Wu, S.F.(2006). A Two-Stage Translation and Test the Validity and Reliability of a Foreign Instrument. The Journal of Nirsing, 53(1), 65-71.]doi: 10.6224/jn.53.1.65
  4. 李怡真、高毓秀(2012).護理臨床教師教育訓練需求評估.護理暨健康照護研究,8(2),106-116。[Lee, Y.C. Kao, Y.H. (2012). Clinical Nursing Preceptor Educational Training Needs: An Assessment. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, 8(2), 106-116.]doi: 10.6225/jnhr.08.2.106
  5. 李欣慈、胡文郁(2011).全球進階護理人員的發展:實施現況與瓶頸,台灣醫學,15(4),421-428. [Lee, H.T., Hu, W.Y. (2011). Global Development of Advanced Practice Nurses: Implementation and Barriers. Formosa Journal of Medicine,15(4),421-428. ]doi:10.6320/fjm.2011.15(4).11
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