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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 166 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳美美(民93)。數位學習現況與未來發展。圖書館學與資訊科學,30(2),92-106。
    2. 吳敬堂(民93)。影響台灣地區醫師實施臨床指引意願之因素探討。未出版之碩士論文,私立台北醫學大學醫學資訊研究所,台北市。
    3. 李玉春(民91)。醫院總額支付制度之規劃。全民健康保險醫院總額支付制度研討會。台北市。
    4. 李雅惠(民92)。醫院推行實證醫學現況、醫師認知與推行態度及其影響因素之探討:以台北市區域級以上醫院為例。未出版之碩士論文,私立台北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所,台北市。
    5. 李瑞琦(民94)。數位內容產業分析:以e-learning為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣大學國際企業研究所,台北市。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳文靜(2014)。組織氣氛對射箭教練訓練成效─以團隊凝聚力之中介因素之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-130。
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