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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中央日報訊 1985年11月29日。俞院長指示切實防止煤礦災變 強化礦場安全措施 積極輔導礦工轉業。中央日報:第三版。
  2. 中國時報訊 1969年7月8日。大爆炸 瑞三煤礦災變 廿一工人死亡 六十二人輕重傷 救難人員亦遭殃 罹難者家屬悲傷欲絕 李建興表示從優撫卹。中國時報:第三版。
  3. 中華民國礦業協進會編 1994。臺灣地區煤礦開發經營之綜合研究報告。臺北:經濟部煤業合理化基金保管運用委員會。
  4. 天主教敬仁勞工服務中心 2001。礦業滄桑幾十載 老礦工口述歷史 : 臺灣煤礦歷史、資本與勞動的考察。臺北市 : 天主敎敬仁勞工服務中心。
  5. 王文誠 2011。反身性的社區營造:實踐性的地理學想像。都市與計劃 38(1): 1-29。
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