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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鼎銘、蘇俊斌、黃紀與郭銘峰 (2004),「日本自民黨之選票穩定度研究:1993、 1996及2000年眾議院選舉之定群追蹤分析」,《選舉研究》,11(2),89-109。
  2. 李國忠與黃德銘 (2001),「陳有蘭溪流域土地利用變遷與社經發展之實證分析」, 國立台灣大學農學院實驗林研究報告,15(3),157-176。
  3. 任立中與陳靜怡 (2007),「顧客價值遷移路徑分析:馬可夫鏈模型」,《台大管理 論叢》,17(2)。
  4. 吳振發 (2008),「農田水利生態工程建設效益評估」,《農業工程學報》,54(4), 58 -82。
  5. 沈才煜 (2011),《2000年至2005年台灣各鄉鎮參與造林計畫影響因素之研究》, 國立台灣大學森林環境暨資源研究所碩士論文。
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