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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱瑞玲(1988)。中國人的社會互動:論面子的問題。見楊國樞(主編):「中國人的心理」。台北:桂冠圖書公司。
  2. 李亦園(1985)。中國家族及其儀式 --- 若干觀念的探討。「中央研究院民族學研究所集刊」(台北),23期,167-193。
  3. 李聿旻(2006)。「積極與消極德行領導:一項區辨效度的初步分析」(未發表之碩士論文)。台北:國立台灣大學心理學研究所。
  4. 李柏英(2002)。評價歷程的理論與測量:探討價值觀與情境關聯的新取向。「應用心理學研究」,14期,79-115。
  5. 周麗芳(2002)。華人組織中的關係與社會網絡。「本土心理學研究」,18期,175-228。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭景鴻(2012)。家長式領導之後設分析。中正大學心理學系學位論文。2012。1-104。
  2. 歐芷貝(2014)。觀點轉換、他人取向、及利社會行為之關係。中正大學心理學系學位論文。2014。1-85。
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