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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊雄、陳姿伶、川手督也、陳惠貞(2014)。〈日本新從農者之發展動向、面臨課題與施行對策〉,《農業推廣文彙》,59:147-168。
  2. 王儀瑱、陳美芬、方珍玲、王俊豪(2011)。〈青年農民留農選擇之研究〉,《農業推廣學報》,28:53-67。
  3. 行政院農業委員會(2006)。〈新農業運動─台灣農業亮起來:農業新政策與目標〉。取自行政院農業委員會網頁
  4. 行政院農業委員會(2014)。《中華民國100年台灣地區農家戶口抽樣調查報告》。台北:行政院農業委員會農糧署。
  5. 行政院農業委員會(2014)。《農業就業人口之性別與年齡》。台北:行政院農業委員會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃秀美(2017)。百大青農對政府現階段輔導措施滿意程度之分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-112。 
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