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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李慧媛、廖文炫、連倚南(1994)•胸腔外科手術後物理治療之檢討•物理治療學會雜誌,8,41-44。
  2. 吳英黛、李元麒(2000)•肺部手術後患者肺功能和運動耐力的改變•中華民國物理治療學會雜誌,26(1),1-8。
  3. 邱艷芬(2001)•長吐氣呼吸法對肺葉切除術後病人心肺功能之效果•台灣醫學,5(5),516-522。
  4. 陳曉宜、吳英黛(1999).開心手術後物理治療早期介入之費用和效果分析.中華物療誌,24(2),97-103。
  5. 曾修儀(2000).開胸手術患者應用誘導性肺量測定器介入措施之成果評量.國防醫學院護理研究所碩士論文,台北:國防醫學院。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄧喬鳳(Chiao-Feng Teng);石燕菁(Yen-Ching Shih);陳家寶(Chia-Bao Chen);林宜美(Yi-Mei Lin);高昭琦(Chao-Chi Kao);徐莞雲(Wan-Yun Hsu)(2013)。降低開胸手術病人使用誘發性肺計量器不完整率改善方案。榮總護理。30(3)。320-328。 
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