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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李碧涵(2001b),〈知識經濟時代國家競爭力的社會經濟分析〉。《國家發展研究》
  2. 李碧涵(2002),〈勞動體制的發展:全球化下的挑戰與改革〉,《社會政策與社會工作學刊》,第六卷第1期,頁185-219。
  3. 討》,國立臺灣大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 許沛煜(2005),《瑞典加入歐洲聯盟後社會福利政策之演進》,淡江大學/歐洲研究所碩士。
  5. 陳啟正(2004),《斯堪地那維亞模式研究:論社民黨、公民與國家發展的關係》,淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃渝之(2010)。瑞典發展替代能源政策之研究。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2010。1-117。 
  2. 陳怡達(2012)。退休後誰來養我?台北市青中年民眾世代契約觀及家庭供養觀比較研究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2012。1-129。 
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