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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9.吳文弘(2000),公營事業民營化提升事業經營績效之利器,台北,華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 10.周添城(1999),台灣民營化的經驗,台北,中華徵信所企業股份有限公司。
  3. 12.林欽榮(2004),組織理論與管理,臺北,揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  4. 13.林冠宇(2008),郵政民營化的探討-以德國郵政改革為例,淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文。
  5. 26.劉淑真(2009),組織文化、組織變革認知及人格特質對員工組織承諾影響 之研究─以中華郵政總公司為例,淡江大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許銘俊(2011)。公司化後中華郵政的內部行銷、員工工作滿意度與服務品質認知之關係研究。淡江大學全球華商經營管理數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-79。 
  2. 廖芷楹(2011)。國營事業勞務委外對勞動權益的影響-以某國營事業公司為例。政治大學勞工研究所學位論文。2011。1-115。
  3. 蕭炳輝(2016)。中華電信客網人員工作特性與服務品質認知關係-以心理契約、社會支持為調節變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-100。
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