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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙莊敏、戴德昇(2006),「台灣銀行股權結構、董事會特性與其經營成本效率之相關研究」,台灣金融財務季刊,第7輯第3期,頁97至100。
  2. 蔡德夆(2009),「2008全球金融危機對美國金融監理之影響」,臺灣大學財務金融學研究所碩士論文。
  3. Black, F., and M. Scholes (1973) “The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities,” Journal of Political Economy, 81, 2, 637-659.
  4. Chan, Y., S., S. I. Greenbaum, and A. V. Thakor (1986) “Information Reusability, Competition and Bank Asset Quality” Journal of Banking and Finance, 10, 243-253.
  5. Claessens, S., S. Djankov, and L. H. P. Lang (2000) “The Separation of Ownership and Control in East Asian Corporation”, Journal of Financial Economics, 58, 2, 81-112.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳虹伶(2013)。銀行利差管理、違約風險與國營化程度:選擇權評價數值模擬分析。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-36。 
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