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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 中華民國會計師公會全國聯合會,< Sarbanes-Oxley act 2002 之後續發展>,網址:,上網日期:2014年1月12日。
  2. [5] 郭石欽,《系統化創新產品機會辨識與分析》,碩士論文,國立清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系,2012。
  3. [7] 粘雅莉,《機會辨識的決定變數之探討: 知識,創業導向與目標導向》,碩士論文,國立成功大學管理學院企業管理學系,2008。
  4. [8] 賴瑞菊,《風險可接受度探討》,碩士論文,國立中央大學環境工程研究所,2011。
  5. [9] 魏肇翔,《中小企業主策略思考過程探討-一個產品開發過程為例》,碩士論文,國立清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系,2009。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭俊宏(2015)。軟體專案競標前之關鍵要素評估。淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-56。 
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