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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孔祥明。(1999)。婆媳過招為哪樁?婆婆、媳婦與兒子(丈夫)三角關係的探討。應用心理學,4,頁57-96。
  2. 吳珮瑀、吳佳慧、蕭高明。(2013)。博士媽媽向前走—女性多重角色與進修博士的困境與進路。應用心理研究,57,頁31-75。
  3. 吳淑敏。(2008)。傑出女性科學家成功因素與性別議題之探討。資優教育研究,8(1),頁19-46。
  4. 吳美連。(1998)。高成就婦女的身心特徵、壓力知覺與工作—家庭衝突之探討。中原學報,26(2),頁1-10。
  5. 呂姿瑩。(2010)。高學歷女性生涯發展歷程極其重要他人之敘事研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立成功大學。
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