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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 12 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 國內文獻
  2. 1. 王儷玲、黃泓智、楊曉文、陳彥志、鄭惠恒,2017,年金改革與建立臺灣永續年金制度,臺灣經濟預測與政策,第48卷第1期,頁1-39。
  3. 2. 辛炳隆、何金巡、林建甫、周麗芳,2009,臺灣勞保年金制度的總體經濟計量分析,臺灣經濟預測與政策,第40卷,頁127-179。
  4. 3. 孫明德、 方俊德、李長泰,2014,勞退、勞保年金及健保費率調整對勞工薪資之影響,財稅研究,第43卷第4期,頁160-188。
  5. 4. 鍾秉正,2018,勞工保險年金與社會安全-兼論相關財務制度,臺灣海洋法學報,第26卷,頁21-46。
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