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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 275 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈中華與張元,2008,企業的社會責任行為可以改善財務績效嗎?-以英國FTSE社會責任指數為例,中央研究院經濟研究所,經濟論文,第36卷第3期,339-385。
  2. 李思瑩與劉念琪,2002,高階經理人薪酬的揭露程度與公司治理,第八屆企業人力資源管理實務專題研究成果發表會,中央大學人力資源管理研究所,桃園縣中壢市。
  3. 林鳳麗與廖育旻,2010,台灣上市公司自由現金流量與營收成長是否影響公司績效?縱橫門檻迴歸模型之運用,會計與公司治理,第7卷第1期:1-30。
  4. 莊秀禎,2006,滿足多重目標利害關係人之模式建構與應用,淡江大學企業管理學系未出版之碩士論文,台北縣。
  5. 陳志泰,2002,不同利害關係人對組織績效指標重要性認知之研究:以營建機電工程業為例,中原大學企業管理學系未出版碩士論文,桃園縣中壢市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳美芬(2013)。企業社會責任與永續經營之研究-以台灣產險業為例。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-185。 
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