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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [03] 王英裕 (2004)。「智慧型行動電話技術發展藍圖」。財團法人工業技術研究院。台北市。
  2. [04] 甘美玲 (2006)。「知覺價格、知覺品質、知覺價值對購買意願之關係研究-以消費者購買數位內容產品為實證」。國立成功大學企業管理學系在職專班碩士論文。
  3. [10] 林珊如 (2013)。「智慧型手機持續使用意圖、使用行為與使用滿意度的關聯性探討-以期望確認理論觀點」。國立成功大學管理碩士論文。
  4. [12] 徐榕營 (2013)。「智慧型手機之產品品質、顧客滿意度及顧客忠誠度分析」。國立交通大學工業工程管理學系碩士論文。
  5. [17] 陳仕弦 (2013)。「品牌形象、服務品質、滿意度、忠誠度對再購買意願之影響-以智慧型手機為例」。國立虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文。
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