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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 413 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美宜(2009)。心智圖法教學運用於國中九年級原住民學生閱讀理解能力之研究
  2. 左台益、梁勇能(2001)。國二學生空間能力與Van Hiele幾何思考層次相關性
  3. 呂益昇(2005)。國三學生三角形外心與內心概念學習之困難因素及類比教學實驗
  4. 李虹儀(2006)。數學寫作對國中生解方程式應用問題的影響(未出版之碩士論
  5. 李祐臣(2008)。心智圖筆記對國小五年級學生創造思考、學習成就之影響-以自
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡如(2016)。數位心智圖教學對高一學生「對數」單元學習成效之影響。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2016。1-170。
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