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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 247 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王金玲(2010)。以合作閱讀策略促進國小五年級學童閱讀數學讀物之行動研究(未出版)。臺北教育大學,臺北市。
  2. 王彩鈴(2005)。學習動機提升教學方案融入英語科教學對國中生學習動機與學習成就之影響(未出版)。慈濟大學,花蓮市。
  3. 何玉方(2014)。愛倫坡恐怖短篇文體教學實驗及評估。東吳外語學報,38,21-52。
  4. 何金進(2014)。合作策略閱讀教學法對國小三年級學童閱讀能力與閱讀態度影 響之研究(未出版)。大葉大學,彰化縣。
  5. 余淑慧(2013)。合作策略閱讀教學法對國小六年級學童閱讀能力之影響(未出版)。臺北教育大學,臺北市。
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