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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.吳宗祐、鄭伯壎(2006)。難應付客戶頻次、知覺服務訓練效用兩者及情緒勞動與情緒耗竭之關係--「資源保存理論」的觀點。管理學報,23(5),581-599。
  2. 3.李天行、唐筱菁(2004)。整合財務比率與智慧資本於企業危機診斷模式之建構-類神經網路與多元適應性雲形迴歸之應用。資訊管理學報,11(2),161-189。
  3. 6.林志共、王靜(2013)。Facebook看不見的力量。新北市:人類智庫數位科技股份有限公司。
  4. 10.陳雪芳、李天行、邱志洲(2010)。結合財務比率、智慧資本與公司治理指標於企業危機預警模式之建構。Electronic Commerce Studies,8(3),349-377。
  5. 14.顏怡音、韓千山(2012)。企業信用風險指標對智慧資本影響企業價值之干擾效果。東吳經濟商學學報,77, 53-90。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 魏婷玉(2016)。探討智慧化社區管理系統之使用影響因素-以北北基居民為例。淡江大學管理科學學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-76。
  2. 楊鈞亦(2017)。探討城市品牌形象、涉入程度、品牌回應之相關研究—以淡水為例。淡江大學管理科學學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-123。
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