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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 287 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. Wigmore, John Henry,何勤華(譯),世界法系概覽,上海:上海人民出版社,2003。
  2. 4. 孫善豪,「倒讀《厲威也憚》:論霍布斯的弔詭及其可能的解決」,政治與社會哲學評論,第31期,2009,頁1-32。
  3. 7. 郭慧龍,「國民中小學學校行政哲學的省思」,學校行政雙月刊,第13期,2001,頁4-11。
  4. 8. 陳中和,「族群認同與宗教運動在國家政策的運用:初探馬來西亞巫統文明伊斯蘭(Islam Hadhari)運動」,台灣東南亞學刊,第2卷,第2期,2005,頁99-126。
  5. 9. 陳鴻瑜,「對≪劍橋東南亞史≫第一卷第一冊一些論點的評述」,國立政治大學歷史學報,24期,2005,頁151-172。
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