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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王漢國 (2009)。地方治理與發展策略。台北:韋伯文化。
  2. 孫本初、鍾京佑(2005)。治理理論之初探:政府、市場與社會治理架構。政大公共行政學報,16:107-135。
  3. 黃姵瑜 (2007)。公共組織在協力關係中的依賴與自主 以台灣博物館為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策研究所碩士學位論文,未出版,新北市。
  4. 葉承鑫 (2008)。臺北市立聯合醫院治理模式建置之研究—制度變遷理論的觀
  5. 賴貞男 (2009)。公私協力治理理論與應用—以屏東縣黑鮪魚文化觀光季為例。碩士論文,臺灣師範大學政治學研究所。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊安琪(2014)。觀光漁港商圈環境再造之研究-以竹圍漁港為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-266。 
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