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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李承澤(2008)。E化管理在學校行政上之運用。南投文教,第二十七期,64-68頁。
  2. 林清山(1992)。心理與教育統計學。台北:東華書局。
  3. 林儀惠、張正杰、郭伯臣、和楊智為(2008)。互動式電子白板在國小數學教學之探討-以五年級面積單元為例。《第四屆台灣數位學習發展研討會》。國立臺中教育大學。線上檢索日期:2008,10月10日。網址:
  4. Gillen, J.; Littleton, K.; Twiner, A.; Staarman, J.K.; Mercer, N. (2008). Using the interactive whiteboard to resource continuity and support multimodal teaching in a primary science classroom. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 24(4), 348-358. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2729.2007.00269
  5. Higgins, S., Beauchamp, G. & Miller, D. (2007). Reviewing the literature on interactive whiteboards. Learning, Media, & Technology, 32 (3), 213-225. doi: 10.1080/17439880701511040
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周揚軒(2012)。探討WIIMOTE互動式電子白板應用於國中數學科的學習成效。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-153。 
  2. 王寵銘(2011)。Wiimote互動式電子白板融入限制式寫作教學對國小五年級學生寫作態度與表現成效之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-174。 
  3. 洪嘉飛(2011)。臺師大與交大開放式課程使用評估之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2011。1-132。
  4. 陳羿伶(2012)。互動式電子白板應用於國小教學對學生學習成效影響之後設分析。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-146。
  5. 陳妍欣(2014)。分析線上電子化技能檢定系統使用意圖:整合動機理論與科技接受模式。中正大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2014。1-90。
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