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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Perreault, W. D., Cannon, J. P., & Jerome McCarthy, E. (2009). 行銷管理:策略化觀點(黃延聰編譯)。台北市:美商麥格羅・希爾國際股份有限公司。
  2. 王梅玲(2012)。數位時代公共圖書館電子資源館藏發展與管理。台北市立圖書館館訊,29(4),18-32。
  3. 王梅玲、李函儒(2015)。大學圖書館電子資源服務品質模式與應用研究。圖書館學與資訊科學,41(2),77-105。
  4. 何素嵐(2011)。公共圖書館青少年閱讀活動體驗行銷之研究:以臺北市立圖書館超「閱」自我活動為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,台北市。
  5. 吳明德(1999)。大學圖館電子資源館藏發展之研究。大學圖書館,3(2),4-26。
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