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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雅菁(2002)。高中公民科服務學習效果之研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導研究所,台北市。
  2. 行政院主計處。青年輔導委員會合編(2002)。青少年狀況調查報
  3. 沈六(1997)。服務學習。公民訓育學報,6,43-60。
  4. 周珮儀(2003)。後現代課程取向的理論探究。國立台北師範學院學報,16,111-138。
  5. 郭芳妙(1996)。美國中小學服務學習之研究。未出版之碩士論 文;國立台灣師範大學教育研究所,台北市。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林靜嫻(2006)。國民中學推動環境服務學習歷程與關鍵因素之研究-以參與2005年我的家鄉寶貝社區生態服務學習計畫中的六所國中為例。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-210。
  2. 陳誼潔(2007)。臺北縣服務學習績優學校課程設計與推動問題之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-192。
  3. 劉雅君(2007)。綜合活動學習領域課程實施成效之研究~以服務學習課程為例。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-133。
  4. 蕭穗珍(2009)。臺北市高級中學服務學習實施現況與成效之研究。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-197。
  5. 卓淑瑛(2009)。服務學習活動方案融入國中公民教學之行動研究--以台中縣光德國中為例。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-161。
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