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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周幼明(2002)。核心資源與國際化策略對市場進入策略關係之研究-以全球五大唱片集團為實證。中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 陳瑞貴、林志鴻(1999)。未來學。台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 陳建甫(1999)。未來學基本原則與定義。社會未來學(林志鴻、董娟娟編著,25-42頁)。台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  4. 陳國華(1999)。未來研究的預測與研究方法。社會未來學(林志鴻、董娟娟編著,119-158頁)。台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  5. 馮朝霖(2001)。質性研究理論與實作對話。台北:五南圖書出版社。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳震威(2016)。線上串流音樂平台使用者對平台之購買意願-以KKBOOX與Spotify為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2016。1-78。 
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