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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 163 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 33、 蘇起、鄭安國,《「一個中國,各自表述」共識的史實》,(臺北:國家政策研究基金會,2002年8月初版)。
  2. 12、 張五岳,<兩岸直接三通的政經評析>,《經濟前瞻》,第83期,2002年9月。
  3. 13、 張五岳,<現時不宜兩岸直航>,《經濟前瞻》(臺北),第38期,1995年3月。
  4. 14、 張五岳,《兩岸三通問題之探討》,台灣區電機電子工業同業公會委託研究計畫,2000年7月。
  5. 19、 陳明通,<當前北京對台策略剖析>,《東吳政治學報》,2009年第27卷第2期。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佩珍(2009)。我國壽險業投資組合與投資績效分析之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-87。 
  2. 黃鈺權(2006)。我國保險業辦理國外投資限制與規範之研究。政治大學風險管理與保險研究所學位論文。2006。1-170。
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