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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王毓敏、謝志正,2009年,「預測股價指數波動率-新VIX 與長期記憶模型之比較」,中山管理評論,第十七卷,第一期,頁11-45。
  2. 李建興、黃玉珂、林依潔,2015年,「VIX指數作為擇時指標之探討-以台灣與中國股票市場為例」,兩岸金融季刊,第三卷,第二期,頁1-25。
  3. 李彥賢、邱志昌、李政毅, 2012年, 「美國波動度指數與期貨長短期波動不對稱之研究」,商管科技季刊,第十三卷,第三期,頁321-337.
  4. 李彥賢、陳郁涵、蘇韋帆,2011年, 「ADL門檻模型估計績效-以波動度指數期貨為例」,績效與策略研究,第八卷,第二期,頁1-10
  5. 高友笙 、古御呈、俞明德, 2015年, 「股市交易額與股市的隱含波動:VIX與VXN之實證」,多國籍企業管理評論,第九卷,第一期,頁83-89.
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