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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王敏容、王如萱、王佳惠、郭乃文(2005),市場競爭程度對醫院開發自費醫療服務之影響,北市醫學雜誌Vol.2 No.10。
  2. 何瑛、陳家容、柯成國、阮仲炯、阮仲洲、黃偉堯國家健康保險總額預算制度之比較費用控制成效,綜合論述。
  3. 何瑛、黃偉堯(2005)牙醫總額預算制度對牙醫服務量與價格的影響,台灣衛誌Vo.24 No.5
  4. 李宇宙(1997),醫學生涯規劃研究:專科與執業地點的選擇,醫學教育,第1卷第4期,
  5. 李貞姮、藍守仁、謝天渝(2010),全民健保對牙醫師人力及醫療照護費用之分布探討─以高屏地區為例,臺灣口腔醫學衛生科學雜誌,第18卷第1期,59-69。
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