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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王德育、王靖興,2007,〈臺灣民眾的政治參與對其政治功效意識之影響:以2004總統選舉為例〉,《臺灣政治學刊》,第11卷,第1期,頁69-107
  2. 林聰吉,2007,〈社會網絡、政治討論與投票參與〉,《選舉研究》,第14卷,第2期,頁1-25
  3. 林聰吉、王淑華,2007,〈台灣民眾政治知識的變遷與來源〉,《東吳政治學報》第25卷,第三期,頁91-129
  4. 吳重禮、湯京平、黃紀,2000,〈我國「政治功效意識」測量之初探〉,《選舉研究》,第6卷,第2 期,頁23-44
  5. 吳重禮、李世宏、譚寅寅,2003,〈賦權理論與選民投票行為:以2001年縣市長與第五屆立法委員選舉例〉,《台灣政治學刊》,第7卷,第1期,頁91-156
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉玟妤(2008)。台灣新移民女性之公共參與:賦權的觀點。政治大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2008。1-161。
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