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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.楊仲捷(民 103)。整合資通訊輔助技術之盲用人機介面設計(博士論文)。取自淡江大學電子學位論文服務系統。(系統編號 U0002-0701201522243800)
  2. 2.財團法人資訊工業策進會。2014臺灣消費者行動裝置暨APP使用行為研究調查報告。取自:
  3. 5.蘇仕瑋(民 102)。以Kinect配合智慧型手機實做盲人輔具系統(碩士論文)。取自臺灣碩博士論文知識加值系統。(系統編號 101NCKU50280170)
  4. 6.林煒傑(民 101)。以視覺為基礎之盲人導航系統(碩士論文)。取自國立中央大學圖書館碩博士論文系統。(系統編號993211003)
  5. 7.Otsu N. (1979). A Tlreshold Selection Method from Gray-Level Histograms. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society, 9(1), 62-66.
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