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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林嘉男、許毅璿(2007)。〈人與環境關係之論述:釐清「地方感」、「地方依附」與「社區依附」在環境研究上的角色〉。《環境教育研究》,5(1),41-71。
  2. 洪楙彧(2010)。《金門地區文化創意產業發展之研究》。國立台灣師範大學教育學院創造力發展碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 曹弼晴(2015)。《文化展示與地方性建構-以台北寶藏巖國際藝術村為例》。淡江大學大眾傳播學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 曾慈慧、沈進成、陳麗如(2011)。〈礦業遺產觀光中真實性對觀光意象、地方感與遊後行為意圖之影響〉。《戶外遊憩研究》,24(3),79-111。
  5. 蔡怡玟(2011),《淡水老街的慢活》。國立台灣師範大學地理學系博士論文。
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