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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 179 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任彰雄(2003),《產學合作管理機制之探索性研究》,國立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 賴致行(2001),《影響不同人格特質教授參與產學合作意願之因素的研究》,國立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 余順旗(2005),《市場帶動模式的產學合作-以動物疫苗的科技行銷為例》,國立中興大學高階經理人碩士論文。
  4. Thursby J.G. and Kemp, S. (2002) Growth and productive efficiency of university intellectual property licensing , Research Policy.
  5. Wallmark, J.T. (1997) Inventions and patents at universities: the case of Chalmers University of Technology , Technovation.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張愛琪(2013)。日本透過產官學合作之人才育成- 以語言類的產官學合作為例。淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-150。 
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