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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁琴芳(2008)。國民小學教師專業學習社群發展之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管裡研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 沈靜濤(2008)。教師專業發展評鑑與專業學習社群之個案研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 陳如意(2009)。臺北縣國民小學教師學習社群之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管裡研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 張淑宜(2010)。台中縣市國民小學學習社群與教師專業表現關係之研究。國立台中教育大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
  5. 廖俞青(2010)。臺中縣國民小學教師專業社群與專業發展關係之研究。中台科技學文教事業經營研就所碩士論文,未出版,台中縣。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許智涵(2015)。宜蘭縣國民中學教師專業學習社群運作及對其教師教學效能影響之探討。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-180。 
  2. 鍾國全(2014)。臺北市高中職教師專業學習社群之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-170。 
  3. 周彥君(2014)。國民小學教師領導者角色建構與實踐之敘說研究。中正大學課程研究所學位論文。2014。1-341。
  4. 賴春瑩(2015)。一個國小特教社群之研究-以新課綱為探究主題。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-296。
  5. 林妤蓁(2017)。教師專業學習社群研究之後設分析。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-107。
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