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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 174 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 關中著,《認識美國霸權主義》,台北:民主文教基金會,1993。
  2. 李明正,〈美國「軍工複合體」探討〉,《危機管理學刊》,台北,2005。
  3. 俞彥娟,〈從平權修正案看男女平權和母親的角色〉,〉,《歐美女性權益與地位之研究》,台北,2003。
  4. 焦興鎧,〈美國平等就業機會委員會機能之研究〉,《歐美女性權益與地位之研》,台北,1990。
  5. 蘇珊•哈克(Susan Haack)著,陳波譯,《美國實用主義》,《哲學與文化》,台北,2005。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 童政儒(2013)。美國國防採購之原型系統開發競爭策略:以聯合攻擊戰鬥機計畫為例。淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2013。1-172。 
  2. 石仲玲(2008)。美國校園暴力成因及防治之研究。淡江大學美國研究所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-82。 
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