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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈中華,(2002),「金控公司的銀行與獨立銀行CAMEL比較:1997-1998」,台灣金融財務季刊,第三輯(2),73-82。
  2. 林盟堡,(2010),「臺灣金控公司事業多角化與經營績效關係之探討」,國立台北大學經濟所碩士論文。
  3. 馬冠裕,(2009),「企業國際化與經營績效之研究—以台灣上市公司為例」,國立政治大學企業管理所碩士論文。
  4. 徐永定,(2010),「台灣地區商業銀行回歸零售業務與報酬績效之研究」,淡江大學國際企業所碩士論文。
  5. 張雅雯,(2011),「多角化經營、銀行績效與破產風險-台灣銀行業之實證研究」,國立政治大學金融研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳景棋(2013)。基金特性對基金規模在不同基金經理人費用變化下之非線性探討。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-46。 
  2. 羅揚宗(2016)。房價與銀行績效─以台灣銀行為例。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2016。1-45。
  3. 陳品儒(2016)。台灣銀行業多角化與獲利能力之研究。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2016。1-47。
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