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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱盈潔(2000)。Maxine Green的自由哲學思想及其在教育上的意義(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 李長燦(2003)。「可能發展區」概念的新詮釋及對幼兒教育的啟示。幼兒保育季刊,1,1-18。
  3. 凃淳益(2010)。屏東縣國民小學校長轉型課程領導與教師專業承諾關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立屏東教育大學,屏東縣。
  4. 凃淳益、簡名卉、葉霖蓉(2010)。屏東縣國民小學校長轉型課程領導與教師專業承諾關係之研究。學校行政雙月刊,0(68),192-206。
  5. 高博銓(2008)。學校學習社群的發展與挑戰。中等教育,59(4),8-21。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林宥嫻(2015)。一所國小英語教師以教師領導推動學習共同體之個案研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-191。 
  2. 何銘祥(2015)。新北市國小教師知覺校長教學領導與學習共同體推動關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-192。 
  3. 賴淑娟(2016)。臺中市國民中學教師學習社群與幸福感相關之研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2016。1-150。 
  4. 江岳庭(2017)。一所偏鄉國中校長推動學習共同體-以學習領導的觀點研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-122。
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