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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 157 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱五岳 (2006)。供應鏈協同價值創新合作程度與績效的關係研究-指標與衡量。國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 張中和 (2001)。供應鏈策略夥伴關係對買方營運績效之影響的研究。私立中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文
  3. 郭方宜 (2010)。供應鏈協同價值創新合作程度,供應鏈能力與企業績效關聯性之研究—以台灣TFT LCD 產業為例。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班,碩士論文。
  4. 董炳煌 (2001)。外商藥廠組織創新關鍵成功因素之研究─層級分析法之運用。長榮大學高階經營管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 鄧力文 (2013)。供應鏈協同價值創新合作程度、供應鏈能力與競爭優勢之關聯性研究-以台灣網通產業為例。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班,碩士論文。
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