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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 李誌嘉,「城際型交通資訊服務系統商業模式建立之研究」,私立淡江大學運輸管理學系運輸科學碩士論文,民國96年。
  2. 3. 李信興,「系統性「商業模式」之觀念架構」,私國立中山大學企管系 博士生論文,民國97年。創業管理研究2008 年9 月 第三卷第三期, p.119-145
  3. 4. 王克強,「發展高快速公路ATIMS系統商業模式之研究」,國立成功大學交通管理科學研究所碩士論文,民國94年。
  4. 5. 蘇堂豪,「智慧卡在連鎖業商業模式應用之研究 」,國立成功大學運會計學研究所碩士論文,民國91年。
  5. 6. 林暐喬,「台灣地區高快速路網先進旅行者資訊系統公私部門商業模式之研究」,國立成功大學交通管理科學系碩士論文,民國94年。
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