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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王仁炳(2007)。教師法實施對校園文化影響之研究-以台北縣國民中小學為例。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系研究所,台北市。
  2. 王中興(2009)。現行公立國民中學管教學生法制之研究。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺東大學教育學系研究所,臺東縣。
  3. 李郁賢、黃士滔(2009)。應用基因演算法與模糊理論於供應鏈之多目標決策問題。工程科技與教育期刊,6(4),487-500。
  4. 張明輝(1999)。學校教育與行政革新研究。台北市:師大書苑。
  5. 張萬億(2008)。臺北縣公立國中教師知覺學校教師會組織功能與教師專業自主相關之研究。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系研究所,台北市。
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