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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 154 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀菊 (2010)。國小一年級學童日常創造力教學策略之研究。國立臺東大學幼兒教育學系碩士論文。
  2. 吳文龍、黃萬居(2005)。自然科創意與批判思考教學對國小學生自然科學習動機、自然科批判思考及科學創造力之影響。當前教育實務問題與研究趨勢學術研討會,中原大學教育研究所。
  3. 吳政岡(2008)。創造思考教學策略應用於電腦動畫製作對國中學生創造力影響之研究。國立臺東大學教育學系碩士論文。
  4. 李俊儀、袁媛 (2004)。資訊科技融入數學教學模組之開發與研究-以國中平面幾何基礎課程教學為例。花蓮師範學院學報,19,119-142。
  5. 沈慶珩 、黃信義(2006)。網路同儕互評在Moodle系統上的應用。教育資料與圖書館學,43,267-284。
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