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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王子玲(2003)。運用合作學習於程式設計專題教學之行動研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系,臺北市。
  2. 王鼎中,丘聖光,林淑玲,梅文慧,林美娟(2009)。創新程式設計課程與教學模式之研發--臺北市建國高級中學高瞻計畫之子計畫五,科學教育月刊,321,頁2-11。
  3. 王鏡淑(2012)。STAD合作學習法對高中生數學學習態度影響之行動研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北科技大學,臺北市。
  4. 朱彩馨(Tsai-Hsin Chu)與彭虹綾(Hung-Lin Peng)(2009)。提昇科技中介學習成效-從個人內在認知因素探討合作學習的學習成效。資訊管理學報,16(1), 135-162。
  5. 何昱穎、張智凱、劉寶鈞(2010)。程式設計課程之學習焦慮降低與學習動機維持–以Scratch為補救教學工具。數位學習科技期刊,第二卷第一期,11-32。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭杏純(2017)。合作學習法於程式積木學習成效及學習態度之研究--以高市某國小為例。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-79。
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