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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.朴英培、黃俊英、郭崑謨(民79),工作價值觀、領導型態、工作滿足與組織承諾關係之研究-以韓國電子業為例,管理評論,53-87頁。
  2. 10.李炎宗(2009),工作滿意度與離職傾向之關係研究-以臺北市政府所屬機關人事人員為例,國立臺灣師範大學政治學系碩士論文。
  3. 16.洪啟方(2003),工作滿足與員工離職傾向關係之研究,國立臺灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 2.Bussing A., Bissels, T., Fuchs, V. & Perrar, K.(1999), A Dynamic Model of Work Satisfaction: Qualitative Approaches. Human Relations,Vol.52, pp.999-1028.
  5. 3.Bussing, A., Bissels, T., Funchs, V. & Perrar, K.(1999),A Dynamic Model of Work Satisfaction :Qualitative Approaches, Human Relations,Vol.52,,pp.999-1028.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張琮昀(2011)。身心障礙特考三等人員任職與升遷發展之研究。政治大學公共行政研究所學位論文。2011。1-141。
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