Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王明傳、雷庚玲(2008)。華人青少年前期兒童之間接攻擊行為的反應評鑑與情緒經驗。中華心理學刊,50(1),71-90。
  2. 邢精霞(2012)。國小高年級學童關係霸凌行為與同儕互動相關之研究。國立中正大學犯罪防治學系碩士論文,未出版,嘉義市。
  3. 吳明忠(2008)。臺北市國中生之暴力行為與溝通技巧的關係。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,20(6),485-494。
  4. 邱珍琬(2002)。國中霸凌行為實際初探討。高雄師大教育學報,3,101。
  5. 陳姿伶(2010)。從被害者促發理論觀念分析國民中學校園欺凌事件:以臺北市某國中為例。國立臺北大學犯罪研究所碩士論文,臺北市,未出版。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張宗川(2015)。臺北市高級中等學校學生對防制校園霸凌政策認知及推動成效之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-154。 
  2. 陳怡萱(2018)。「當心,教室裡無聲的惡魔!」 關係霸凌因應策略之回溯研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2018。1-173。 
  3. 詹孟道(2017)。家長社經地位、管教方式與孩童學業程度之探討-以台南市國民中學為例。義守大學財務金融學系學位論文。2017。1-86。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :